The size and number of knowledge graphs have increased tremendously in recent years. In the meantime, the distributed data processing technologies have also advanced to deal with big data and large scale knowledge graphs. This lecture introduces Scalable Semantic Analytics Stack (SANSA), which addresses the challenge of dealing with large scale RDF data and provides a uni ed framework for applications like link prediction, knowledge base completion, querying, and reasoning.
In this lecture, we introduce the aspect of reasoning in Knowledge Graphs. We give a broad overview focusing on the multitude of reasoning techniques: spanning logic-based reasoning, embedding-based reasoning, neural network-based reasoning, etc. In particular, we discuss three dimensions of reasoning in Knowledge Graphs. Complementing these dimensions, we will structure our exploration based on a pragmatic view of reasoning tasks and families of reasoning tasks: reasoning for knowledge integration, knowledge discovery and application services.
Big data is a reality and it is being generated and handled in almost all digitised scenarios. This chapter covers the history of Big data and discusses prominent related terminologies. The significant technologies including architectures and tools are reviewed. Finally, the lecture reviews big knowledge graphs, that attempt to address the challenges (e.g. heterogeneity, interoperability, variety) of big data through their specialised representation format. This chapter aims to provide an overview of the existing terms and technologies related to big data.
The goal of this chapter is to shed light on different types of big data applications needed in various industries including healthcare, transportation, energy, banking and insurance, digital media and e-commerce, environment, safety and security, telecommunications, and manufacturing. In response to the problems of analyzing large-scale data, different tools, techniques, and technologies have bee developed and are available for experimentation.
In the Big Data era, where variety is the most dominant dimension, the RDF data model enables the creation and integration of actionable knowledge from heterogeneous data sources. However, the RDF data model allows for describing entities under various contexts, e.g., people can be described from its demographic context, but as well from their professional contexts. Context-aware description poses challenges during entity matching of RDF datasets the match might not be valid in every context.
Big data plays a relevant role in promoting both manufacturing and scientific development through industrial digitization and emerging interdisciplinary research. Semantic web technologies have also experienced great progress, and scientific communities and practitioners have contributed to the problem of big data management with ontological models, controlled vocabularies, linked datasets, data models, query languages, as well as tools for transforming big data into knowledge from which decisions can be made.
This Lecture introduces how Knowledge Graphs are generated. The goal is to gain
The rapid development of digital technologies, IoT products and connectivity platforms, social networking applications, video, audio and geolocation services has created opportunities for collecting/accumulating a large amount of data. While in the past corporations used to deal with static, centrally stored data collected from various sources, with the birth of the web and cloud services, cloud computing is rapidly overtaking the traditional in-house system as a reliable, scalable and cost-efective IT solution.
Big Data technologies are often used in domains where data is generated, stored and processes with rates that cannot be efficiently processed by one computer. One of those domains is definitely the domain of energy. Here, the processes of energy generation, transmission, distribution and use have to be concurrently monitored and analyzed in order to assure system stability without brownouts or blackouts. The transmission systems (grids) that transport electric energy are in general very large and robust infrastructures that are accompanied with an abundance of monitoring equipment.
Knowledge Graphs (KGs) are one of the key trends among the next wave of technologies. Many defnitions exist of what a Knowledge Graph is, and in this chapter, we are going to take the position that precisely in the multitude of definitions lies one of the strengths of the area. We will choose a particular perspective, which we will call the layered perspective and three views on Knowledge Graphs:
- KGs as Knowledge Representation Tools
- KGs as Knowledge Management Systems
- KGs as Knowledge Application Services